CBD is short for cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis plants that can be extracted from marijuana or industrial hemp and processed for consumption in oral and edible products, or for inhalation in e-liquid (usually called CBD vape oil). CBD's chemical formula is C21H30O2.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of some 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extract. As of 2018, preliminary clinical research on cannabidiol included studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.
Cannabidiol can be taken into the body in multiple ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no added tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), a full-plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or as a prescription liquid solution. CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC, and may affect the actions of THC. Although in vitro studies indicate CBD may interact with different biological targets, including cannabinoid receptors and other neurotransmitter receptors, as of 2018 the mechanism of action for its biological effects has not been determined.
In the United States, the cannabidiol drug Epidiolex has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of two epilepsy disorders. The side effects of long-term use of the drug include somnolence, decreased appetite, diarrhea, fatigue, malaise, weakness, sleeping problems.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has assigned Epidiolex a Schedule V classification, while non-Epidiolex CBD remains a Schedule I drug prohibited for any use. Cannabidiol is not scheduled under any United Nations drug control treaties, and in 2018 the World Health Organization recommended that it remain unscheduled.
Vaping CBD is a more effective method of consumption than eating it or applying it topically, because the inhalation provides greater bioavailability. That means the user can absorb more of the drug. While there is still more to learn about the long-term effects of vaping CBD, vaping is considered to be a much safer way to consume than smoking, while being equally effective. Since it can also be taken orally, you don’t have to be a vaper or smoker to use CBD oil.
There is considerable research that supports the belief that cannabidiol has positive effects on a variety of conditions and symptoms. In this guide, we look at the most well-documented effects and benefits of using CBD oil.
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